This document was last updated for Opera 10.60.
Plug-ins are programs that extend the capabilities of Opera. Commonly used plug-ins include Adobe Flash Player (Adobe), Adobe Reader (Adobe), and Java Runtime Environment (Oracle). Other plug-ins enable you to play audio samples or view videos within a browser window.
All the major Linux distributions today have excellent systems for installing and updating software, making it possible to download and install a plug-in with a simple click or command. We recommend using such a package manager to install plug-ins; instructions follow. The alternative is to read the instructions for downloading and installing various popular plug-ins without a package manager.
To start, you should know which Linux distribution you are using, and become familiar with its package manager. Every major Linux distribution has its own informal support channels (mailing lists, forums, IRC, and/or wiki) that should help you to cope with any problems.
Next, you need to identify the name of the plug-in package, and use your package manager to install it. Different Linux distributions may use slightly different names.
In some cases, it may be necessary to locate and use third-party package repositories, because the license prevents your Linux distributor from offering the package to you directly. For more detailed information, see the column labeled Plug-in Support in the table below. Users of .rpm-based distributions may find it useful to search in a database of .rpm packages.
For the case that this procedure fails, either because you do not know the name of the package, or because you cannot locate it, we give instructions for downloading and installing various popular plug-ins without a package manager.
Some of the more popular plug-ins are listed below. The package names in the second column should only be taken as a hint, because they depend on your Linux distribution. In this case, the names are taken from the Ubuntu and Debian distributions.
|Adobe Reader (Adobe)||acroread||
Adobe Reader is a PDF reader, by the company that created the PDF file format.
Most Linux distributions will include a default PDF reader, albeit not from Adobe.
For more information, read about the Installer formats for Adobe Reader 9 on Unix.
|Adobe Flash Player (Adobe)||flashplugin-installer, flashplugin-nonfree||Adobe Flash Player is a multimedia plug-in for enhancing websites, popular for games and streaming video (youtube).|
|Java Runtime Environment (Oracle)||sun-java6-plugin||
Java "applets" are applications written in the Java programming language,
widely used for online games and banking.
Sun Microsystems (now part of Oracle) created the Java programming language, but most Linux distributions will include a default Java implementation that was not created by Sun/Oracle.
Users who require a functioning BankID should make sure that they have only Sun's version of Java installed, and no other Java implementation. In particular, Ubuntu users may want to purge the icedtea6-plugin from their distribution.
|gecko-mediaplayer||gecko-mediaplayer||Gecko Media Player is a browser plug-in that uses GNOME MPlayer to play media in a browser. It supports many video and audio formats.|
Ubuntu users can add the Canonical partner repositories to the package manager. This repository includes the following packages: